The Rolling Stones – 12 X 5 (1964)

12 X 5 is the second American album by The Rolling Stones, released in 1964 following the massive success of their debut The Rolling Stones in the UK and the promising sales of its American substitute, The Rolling Stones (England’s Newest Hit Makers). The album, like its predecessor, largely featured R&B covers; however, it does contain three compositions from the still-developing Mick Jagger/Keith Richards songwriting team, as well as two group compositions under the pseudonym of ‘Nanker Phelge‘. 12 X 5 is notable for featuring the first, and less-often-heard, of the Stones’ two versions of Jerry Ragovoy‘s ‘Time Is on My Side‘, with a prominent electronic organ part instead of the better-known version’s electric guitar. After a series of sessions in Chicago in June 1964, The Rolling Stones’ UK label Decca Records released the five-song EP Five by Five. Because EPs were never a lucrative format in the US, London Records—their American distributor at the time—spread the EP songs across an entire album, adding seven new recordings to create a release of 12 songs by five musicians, hence the album’s title. The rest of the songs were singles ‘It’s All Over Now‘ and ‘Time Is on My Side‘ with their B-sides, plus three songs that were later included on The Rolling Stones No. 2 album. …”
amazon, Spotify, iTunes
YouTube: Around & Around (Live), Time is on my side (Live), It’s All Over Now (Live)
YouTube: 12×5 (Full Album) 12 Videos

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Bill Moyers Journal on LBJ’s Path to War

“The origins of the Vietnam War lie in 1945, when the British ignored Ho Chi Minh’s declaration of independence and restored French rule to the country. After a protracted conflict with Ho Chi Minh’s nationalist forces and a massive defeat at Dien Bien Phu, the French left Vietnam in 1954. During the Cold War many foreign policy analysts subscribed to ‘The Domino Theory’ — which contended that should one country come under communist rule, its neighbors were likely to follow suit. President Eisenhower, worried about the spread of communism, sent U.S. advisors to train forces in South Vietnam in 1956, and President Kennedy increased American forces significantly, with 12,000 U.S. military advisors stationed in Vietnam by 1962. But it was under President Johnson that the U.S. escalated the conflict to a full scale war. Explore the timeline of Johnson’s decision-making below, and listen to audio of Johnson’s phone conversations as he decides to escalate the war. …”
PBS Bill Moyers (Audio)
YouTube: Bill Moyers on LBJ’s Path to War Pt 1 of 2, Pt 2 of 2

Posted in Bill Moyers, Cambodia, Ho Chi Minh, John Kennedy, Laos, Lyndon Johnson, Robert Kennedy, Robert McNamara, Vietnam War | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam

“The Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam was a massive demonstration and teach-in across the United States against the United States involvement in the Vietnam War. It took place on October 15, 1969, followed a month later by a large Moratorium March on Washington. October 15, 1969 Vietnam Moratorium: The Moratorium developed from Jerome Grossman‘s April 20, 1969, call for a general strike if the war had not concluded by October. David Hawk and Sam Brown, who had previously worked on the unsuccessful 1968 presidential campaign of Eugene McCarthy, changed the concept to a less radical moratorium and began to organize the event as the Vietnam Moratorium Committee with David Mixner, Marge Sklenkar, John Gage, and others. … In New York City, the day marked Game 4 of the 1969 World Series and included controversy as Mayor John Lindsay wanted the US flag to be flown at half-staff, however Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn overruled the mayor and ordered the flag to be flown at full staff. … November 15, 1969, Moratorium March on Washington: The first nationwide Moratorium was followed on Saturday, November 15, 1969, by a second massive Moratorium march in Washington, D.C., which attracted over 500,000 demonstrators against the war, including many performers and activists. This massive Saturday march and rally was preceded by the March against Death, which began on Thursday evening and continued throughout that night and all the next day. Over 40,000 people gathered to parade silently down Pennsylvania Avenue to the White House. Hour after hour, they walked in single file, each bearing a placard with the name of a dead American soldier or a destroyed Vietnamese village. …”
YouTube: November 15 1969 Anti-War Demonstration (Moratorium Day)

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Cat’s Cradle – Kurt Vonnegut (1963)

Cat’s Cradle is the fourth novel by American writer Kurt Vonnegut, first published in 1963. It explores issues of science, technology, and religion, satirizing the arms race and many other targets along the way. After turning down his original thesis in 1947, the University of Chicago awarded Vonnegut his master’s degree in anthropology in 1971 for Cat’s Cradle. The title of the book derives from the string gamecat’s cradle‘. Early in the book, the character Felix Hoenikker (a fictional co-inventor of the atom bomb) was playing cat’s cradle when the bomb was dropped, and the game is later referred to by his son, Newton Hoenikker. … Many of Vonnegut’s recurring themes are prevalent in Cat’s Cradle, most notably the issues of free will and man’s relation to technology. The former is embodied in the creation of Bokononism, an artificial religion created to make life bearable to the beleaguered inhabitants of San Lorenzo through acceptance and delight in the inevitability of everything that happens. The latter is demonstrated by the development and exploitation of Ice-9, which is conceived with indifference but is misused to disastrous ends. In his 1969 address to the American Physical Society, Vonnegut describes the inspiration behind Ice-9 and its creator as the type of ‘old-fashioned scientist who isn’t interested in people,’ and draws connections to nuclear weapons. More topically, Cat’s Cradle takes the threat of nuclear destruction in the Cold War as a major theme. The Cuban Missile Crisis, in which world powers collided around a small Caribbean island, bringing the world to the brink of mutual assured destruction, occurred in 1962, and much of the novel can be seen as allegorical. …”
15 Things You Might Not Know About Cat’s Cradle (Video)
NY Times: Cat’s Cradle – Terry Southern (June 3, 1963)

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“A miniskirt (sometimes hyphenated as mini-skirt or separated as mini skirt) is a skirt with a hemline well above the knees, generally at mid-thigh level, normally no longer than 10 cm (4 in) below the buttocks; and a dress with such a hemline is called a minidress or a miniskirt dress. A micro-miniskirt or microskirt is a miniskirt with its hemline at the upper thigh. Short skirts have existed for a long time, though they were generally not called “mini” or became a fashion trend until the 1960s. … Hemlines were just above the knee in 1961, and gradually climbed upward over the next few years. By 1966, some designs had the hem at the upper thigh. Stockings with suspenders were not considered practical with miniskirts and were replaced with coloured tights. The popular acceptance of miniskirts peaked in the ‘Swinging London‘ of the 1960s, and has continued to be commonplace, particularly among younger women and teenage girls. Before that time, short skirts were only seen in sport and dance clothing, such as skirts worn by female tennis players, figure skaters, cheerleaders, and dancers. Several designers have been credited with the invention of the 1960s miniskirt, most significantly the London-based designer Mary Quant and the Parisian André Courrèges. …”
A History of the Miniskirt: How Fashion’s Most Daring Hemline Came To Be
The miniskirt revolution
YouTube: Retrospectacle: The Rise of the Miniskirt, Fabulous Mary Quant Fashion Show in London (1967)

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Green politics

Green politics (also known as ecopolitics) is a political ideology that aims to create an ecologically sustainable society rooted in environmentalism, nonviolence, social justice, and grassroots democracy. It began taking shape in the western world in the 1970s; since then Green parties have developed and established themselves in many countries around the globe, and have achieved some electoral success. The political term Green was used initially in relation to die Grünen (German for ‘the Greens’), a Green party formed in the late 1970s. The term political ecology is sometimes used in academic circles, but in the latter has come to represent an interdisciplinary field of study; the academic discipline offers wide-ranging studies integrating ecological social sciences with political economy in topics such as degradation and marginalization, environmental conflict, conservation and control, and environmental identities and social movements. Supporters of green politics share many ideas with the ecology, conservation, environmentalism, feminism, and peace movements. In addition to democracy and ecological issues, green politics is concerned with civil liberties, social justice, nonviolence, sometimes variants of localism and tends to support social progressivism. The party’s platform is largely considered left in the political spectrum. The Green ideology has connections with various other ecocentric political ideologies, including ecosocialism, ecoanarchism, and ecofeminism, but to what extent these can be seen as forms of Green politics is a matter of debate. As the left-wing ‘Green’ (i.e. capital ‘G’) political philosophy developed, there also came into separate existence unrelated and polar opposite movements on the right that include ecological components such as green conservatism and eco-capitalism. …”
W – Outline of green politics

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First Kill – Coco Schrijber (2001)

Michael Herr
“What is the psychology of war? Do soldiers become murderers when they enjoy killing? Is war beautiful? Are all humans capable of monstrous acts? FIRST KILL examines these and other questions, as it explores what war does to the human mind and soul. Interviews with several Vietnam veterans evoke the contradictory feelings that killing produces – fear, hate, seduction and pleasure. FIRST KILL also includes a discussion with Michael Herr, the former war correspondent who wrote the screenplays to Apocalypse Now and Full Metal Jacket, and wrote Dispatches, the best and most important book about the experiences of the combat soldier in the Vietnam War. For the last ten years Herr has refused to give any interviews, but in FIRST KILL he descends into his own dark experiences one more time. ‘If war was hell and only hell and there were no other colors in the palate… I don’t think people would continue to make war,’ he says. For other people war is just work. Immediately after taking his well-known photograph of a Vietnamese general shooting a Vietcong soldier in the head, Eddie Adams went out to lunch. Other Vietnam veterans talk about similar numbing experiences, many of them continuing to suffer nightmares and are still struggling with their traumas. On the other hand, former ‘tunnelrat’ Billy Heflin openly admits that, despite his aversion to war, he is addicted to killing, and longingly recalls his wartime experiences. Director Coco Schrijber juxtaposes these confessional testimonies with images of Vietnamese, Americans and others who now visit the former killing fields as tourist sites, conveying people’s fascination with war and its memory. …”
Icarus Films
W – First Kill
YouTube: First Kill 1:12:57

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