#3 – Tobacco Road – The Nashville Teens (1964)

“‘Tobacco Road’ is a blues song written and first recorded by John D. Loudermilk in 1960 that was a hit for The Nashville Teens in 1964 and has since become a standard across several musical genres. Originally framed as a folk song, ‘Tobacco Road’ was a semi-autobiographical tale of growing up in Durham, North Carolina. Released on Columbia Records, it was not a hit for Loudermilk, achieving only minor chart success in Australia. Other artists, however, immediately began recording and performing the song. The English group The Nashville Teensgarage rock/blues rock rendering was a bold effort featuring prominent piano, electric guitar, and bass drum parts and a dual lead vocal. Mickie Most produced it with the same tough-edged-pop feel that he brought to The Animals‘ hits. ‘Tobacco Road’ was a trans-Atlantic pop hit in 1964, reaching number 6 on the UK singles chart and number 14 on the U.S. singles chart. …”
1960: Marty Robbins – El Paso, 1961: The Marvelettes – Please Mr. Postman, 1962: Peppermint Twist – Joey Dee and the Starliters, 1963: Rolling Stones – Around And Around: 1st Appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, 1964: Tobacco Road – The Nashville Teens, 1965: Concrete and Clay – Unit 4 + 2, 1966: I Had Too Much To Dream Last Night – The Electric Prunes, 1967: Bobbie Gentry – Ode To Billie Joe, 1968: Deep Purple – Hush (Hugh Hefner, Playboy After Dark), 1969: Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye – Steam, 1970: Spirit in the Sky – Norman Greenbaum

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The Living Theatre

The Living Theatre is an American theatre company founded in 1947 and based in New York City. It is the oldest experimental theatre group in the United States. For most of its history it was led by its founders, actress Judith Malina and painter/poet Julian Beck; after Beck’s death in 1985, company member Hanon Reznikov became co-director with Malina. After Malina’s death in 2015, her responsibilities were taken over by the anarchist company. The Living Theatre and its founders were the subject of the 1983 documentary Signals Through The Flames. In the 1950s, the group was among the first in the U.S. to produce the work of influential European playwrights such as Bertolt Brecht (In The Jungle of Cities in New York, 1960) and Jean Cocteau, as well as modernist poets such as T. S. Eliot and Gertrude Stein. One of their first major productions was Pablo Picasso‘s Desire Caught By the Tail; other early productions were Many Loves by William Carlos Williams and Luigi Pirandello’s Tonight We Improvise. … In 1959, their production of The Connection attracted national attention for its harsh portrayal of drug addiction and its equally harsh language. In the early 1960s the Living Theatre was host to avant-garde minimalist performances by artists including Simone Forti and Robert Morris. The Brig (1963), an anti-authoritarian look at conditions in a Marine prison, was their last major production in New York before a tax fraud conviction led to the closure of the theatre space and the brief imprisonment of Beck and Malina. Judith defended Julian at the IRS hearing dressed like Portia from The Merchant of Venice. For the rest of the 1960s, the group toured chiefly in Europe. They produced more politically and formally radical work carrying an anarchist and pacifist message, with the company members creating plays collectively and often living together. … The Living Theatre has toured extensively throughout the world, often in non-traditional venues such as streets and prisons. It has greatly influenced other American experimental theatre companies, notably The Open Theater (founded by former Living Theatre member Joseph Chaikin) and Bread and Puppet Theater. …”
HISTORY | The Living Theatre
NY Times: Judith Malina, Founder of the Living Theater, Dies at 88
YouTube: Paradise Now: The Living Theatre in Amerika DVD trailer, julian Beck and Judith Malina on The Connection and The Brig, Antigone Brecht Living Theatre

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Daniel Schorr

Daniel Louis Schorr (August 31, 1916 – July 23, 2010) was an American journalist who covered world news for more than 60 years. He was most recently a Senior News Analyst for National Public Radio (NPR). Schorr won three Emmy Awards for his television journalism. … In January 1962, he aired the first examination of everyday life under communism in East Germany, The Land Beyond the Wall: Three Weeks in a German City, which The New York Times called a ‘journalistic coup’. After agreeing not to foster ‘propaganda’ for the United States, Schorr was granted the rights to conduct the interviews in the city of Rostock. By airing everyday life, Schorr painted a picture of the necessity for a Communist state to seal itself off from the West in order to survive. President John F. Kennedy‘s Secretary of State Dean Rusk criticized Schorr’s actions in an August 10, 1962 diplomatic cable for a checkbook journalism story in which, ‘Schorr involved himself in a matter which was far beyond his private or journalistic responsibilities and proceeded amateurishly in a matter filled with greatest danger for all concerned. … CBS executives were not amused when Schorr reported—incorrectly—that Barry Goldwater was said to ‘travel to Germany to join-up with the right-wing there’, and visit ‘Hitler’s one-time stomping ground’ in Berchtesgaden, immediately after he became the Republican nominee for president. For obvious reasons, this did not fare well with Goldwater, who demanded an apology for the ‘CBS conspiracy’ against his campaign for president. Schorr took a close journalistic interest in the career of Vice President of the United States Hubert Humphrey.  Schorr attracted the anger of Richard Nixon‘s White House. In 1971, after a dispute with White House aides, Schorr’s friends, neighbors, and co-workers were questioned by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) about his habits. They were told that Schorr was under consideration for a high-level position in the environmental area. Schorr knew nothing about it. Later, during the Watergate hearings, it was revealed that Nixon aides had drawn up what became known as Nixon’s Enemies List, and Daniel Schorr was on that list. Famously, Schorr read the list aloud on live TV, surprised to be reading his own name in that context. …”
NY Times: Daniel Schorr, Journalist, Dies at 93
YouTube: News Legend Schorr Dies at 93, Nixon: raw watergate tape: “Going after Dan Schorr”

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Orson Welles Cinema

“The Orson Welles Cinema was a movie theater at 1001 Massachusetts Avenue in Cambridge, Massachusetts that operated from 1969 to 1986. Showcasing independents, foreign films and revivals, it became a focal point of the Boston-Cambridge film community.The Orson Welles Cinema opened April 8, 1969 with Luis Buñuel’s Simon of the Desert, Orson WellesThe Immortal Story and a midnight movie, Don Siegel’s Invasion of the Body Snatchers. Originally the Esquire Theater in the early 1960s, it became the Orson Welles Cinema under its next owner, folk musician Dean Gitter. It was programmed by then-Harvard Law student Peter Jaszi. On September 29, 1970, the cinema was raided by Massachusetts State Police for showing Oh! Calcutta! on video. Gitter, Jaszi, and Ted Uzzle, among others, were arrested, and spent the night in the Cambridge jail. The case would later be literally laughed out of court. … Ancillary operations included the Orson Welles Film School, a photo shop, a record store, a bookstore and The Restaurant at the Orson Welles, aka the Orson Welles Restaurant. At first, it was famous for requiring strangers sitting at the same table to order the same meal. … Film notes for each showing were prepared by staffer John Rossi, who for each film gathered lengthy cast and crew credits, a partial synopsis and selected film reviews. These were prepared in the upstairs offices of the complex, as was the black-and-white digest-sized Orson Welles Cinema Magazine. …”
W – Orson Welles Cinema

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Yes, There Were Antiwar Officers

From left, John Huyler, Ensign Paul Rogers and David Harris, in San Diego in 1970, discussing their efforts to stop the aircraft carrier Constellation from returning to Vietnam.

“There are six of us. There were many more at the time, but now there are six of us who see one another regularly and talk about what we did and why. What changed us, what turned us from all-American boys into antiwar resisters and rebels? We were junior officers in the United States Navy during the Vietnam War. We were Ivy Leaguers, graduates of the Naval Academy and respected colleges, from big cities and small towns all over the country. We manned the conn on giant ships, we flew fighter jets off aircraft carriers, we were handcuffed to secret war messages traveling up Vietnamese rivers, we trained pilots for war. And then, we didn’t — we wouldn’t. Will Kirkland was the son of an Annapolis graduate. In June 1961 he stood with 1,300 others on the grounds of the Naval Academy, sweating, worrying as a deep amplified voice began, ‘Gentlemen, raise your right hands.’ He already had misgivings. He had recently learned that American boys and girls had been taken from their homes; their parents from their work as farmers, store owners, teachers; and they were sent to barbed-wire camps during World War II. The jolt of that had stayed with him. He had lived in Japan for a year earlier in his life. He had played with Japanese kids, had a crush on one of them. What was he swearing to do? To follow all orders? Would he be ordered to do something he thought was wrong? No, Will decided, only to defend the Constitution. Orders to march civilians into camps could be disobeyed, he reasoned. He raised his right hand and repeated with the others, ‘I solemnly swear. …’ This would be the first of many decisions hard to escape, hard choices not to participate in what was expected of him, until the day in October 1967 when, as the executive officer of a small ship, he would refuse to give orders to his crew as they departed for Vietnam. …”
NY Times

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San Francisco Express Times

San Francisco Express Times was a counterculture tabloid underground newspaper edited by Marvin Garson and published weekly in San Francisco, California from January 24, 1968, to March 25, 1969, for a total of 62 issues, covering and promoting radical politics, rock music, arts and progressive culture in the Bay Area. It was a member of the Underground Press Syndicate, and sold for 15 cents. Marvin Garson was a graduate of the University of California and veteran of the Berkeley Free Speech Movement, where he edited an FSM newsletter, Wooden Shoe, along with his wife Barbara Garson. He started the Express Times with co-founder Bob Novick and participation by David Lance Goines, Alice Waters and others. Regular contributors included Todd Gitlin, Greil Marcus, Paul Williams, Sandy Darlington, and Marjorie Heins. Staff photographers were Jeffrey Blankfort followed by Nacio Jan Brown and Robert Altman. Artwork was provided by Jaxon, along with the syndicated editorial cartoons of Ron Cobb. During the year of its existence highlights included extensive on-the-scene coverage of student rioting and the prolonged strike at San Francisco State University, and Lenny Heller’s serialized novel of guerrilla warfare in the United States, Berkeley Guns. Documents released under the Freedom of Information Act show that the Express Times was one of a number of underground newspapers successfully infiltrated by the FBI, which had a paid informant on the staff. In December 1968 editor Marvin Garson spent 20 days in jail in Chicago as a result of his participation as a journalist in a police and protester skirmish during the Democratic National Convention in August. Starting in April 1969 the San Francisco Express Times changed its name to Good Times, publishing under that title, with a substantially different editorial policy, until August 1972. In the post–SF State climate the paper’s contents were a good deal more relaxed. …”
Zodiac Killer Facts

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1965 Gottlieb Kings and Queens Pinball Machine

Pinball is a type of arcade game, in which points are scored by a player manipulating one or more steel balls on a play field inside a glass-covered cabinet called a pinball machine (or ‘pinball table’). The primary objective of the game is to score as many points as possible. Many modern pinball machines include a story line where the player must complete certain objectives in a certain fashion to complete the story, usually earning high scores for different methods of completing the game. Points are earned when the ball strikes different targets on the play field. A drain is situated at the bottom of the play field, partially protected by player-controlled plastic bats called flippers. A game ends after all the balls fall into the drain a certain number of times. Secondary objectives are to maximize the time spent playing (by earning ‘extra balls’ and keeping the ball in play as long as possible) and to earn bonus games (known as ‘replays’). … Machine layout. The key attribute of a successful pinball game is an interesting and challenging layout of scoring opportunities on the playfield. Many types of targets and features have been developed over the years. … Plunger.  The plunger is a spring-loaded rod with a small handle, used to propel the ball into the playfield. The player can control the amount of force used for launching by pulling the plunger a certain distance (thus changing the spring compression). This is often used for a “skill shot,” in which a player attempts to launch a ball so that it exactly hits a specified target. Once the ball is in motion in the main area of the playfield, the plunger is not used again until another ball must be brought onto the playfield. … Flippers. The flippers are one or more small mechanically or electromechanically controlled levers, roughly 3 to 7 cm in length, used for redirecting the ball up the playfield. They are the main control that the player has over the ball. Careful timing and positional control allows the player to intentionally direct the ball in a range of directions with various levels of velocity. With the flippers, the player attempts to move the ball to hit various types of scoring targets, and to keep the ball from disappearing off the bottom of the playfield. …”
Vintage circa 1960’s pinball machine
YouTube: 1967 Williams Apollo Pinball, 1963 Williams Merry Widow Pinball Machine, Bally Monte Carlo Pinball Machine

King of Diamonds, Gottlieb, 1967
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