SCUM Manifesto – Valerie Solanas (1967)

SCUM Manifesto is a radical feminist manifesto by Valerie Solanas, published in 1967. It argues that men have ruined the world, and that it is up to women to fix it. To achieve this goal, it suggests the formation of SCUM, an organization dedicated to overthrowing society and eliminating the male sex. The Manifesto has often been described as a satire or parody, especially due to its parallels with Freud‘s theory of femininity. It has been reprinted at least 100 times in English, translated into 13 languages, and excerpted several times. The term ‘SCUM’ appeared on the cover of the first edition from Olympia Press as ‘S.C.U.M.’ and was said to stand for ‘Society for Cutting Up Men’. Solanas objected, insisting that it was not an acronym, although the expanded term appeared in a Village Voice ad she had written in 1967. The Manifesto was little-known until Solanas attempted to murder Andy Warhol in 1968. This event brought significant public attention to the Manifesto and Solanas herself. While feminist Ti-Grace Atkinson defended Solanas and considered the Manifesto a valid criticism of patriarchy, others, such as Betty Friedan, considered Solanas’s views to be too radical and polarizing. Solanas wrote SCUM Manifesto between 1965 and 1967. In 1967, she self-published the first edition by making two thousand mimeographed copies and selling them on the streets of Greenwich Village in New York City. Solanas charged women one dollar and men two dollars each. By the following spring, about 400 copies had been sold. Solanas signed a publishing contract with Maurice Girodias in August 1967 for a novel and asked him to accept the SCUM Manifesto in its place later that year. The first commercial edition of the Manifesto was published by Olympia Press in New York in 1968. It includes a preface by Maurice Girodias and an essay titled ‘Wonder Waif Meets Super Neuter’ by Paul Krassner. According to Jansen, there are subtle differences between the 1968 Olympia Press edition and Solanas’ original mimeographed version. …”
NY Times – Overlooked No More: Valerie Solanas, Radical Feminist Who Shot Andy Warhol
The Scum Manifesto by Valerie Solanas
W – Valerie Solanas
Verso: SCUM Manifesto

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