The Impossibly Cool Album Covers of Blue Note Records: Meet the Creative Team Behind These Iconic Designs

“If you stepped into a record store in the 1950s and 60s, you would likely be drawn almost immediately to a Blue Note release—whether or not you were a fan of jazz or had heard of the artist or even the label. ‘If you went to those record stores,’ says Estelle Caswell in the Vox Earworm video above, ‘it probably wasn’t the sound of Blue Note that immediately caught your attention. It was their album covers.’ Now those designs are hallowed jazz iconography, with their ‘bold typography, two tone photography, and minimal graphic design.’ Of course, it should go without saying that the sound of Blue Note is as distinctive and essential as its look, thanks to its founders’ musical vision, the faultless ear of producer and engineer Rudy Van Gelder, and the roster of unbelievably great musicians the label recruited and recorded. But back to those covers…. ‘Their bold use of color, intimate photography, and meticulously placed typography came to define the look of jazz’ in the hard bop era, and thus, defined the look of cool, a ‘refined sophistication’ vibrating with restless, sultry, smoky, classy, moody energy. The rat pack had nothing on Blue Note. Their covers ‘have today become an epitome of graphic hip,’ writes Robin Kinross at Eye magazine. (And lest we fetishize the covers at the expense of their contents, Kinross makes sure to add that they ‘are no more than the visible manifestation of an organic whole.’) Flip over any one of those beautifully-designed Blue Note records from, say, 1955 to 65, the label’s peak years, and you’ll find two names credited for almost all of their designs: photographer Francis Wolff and graphic designer Reid Miles. Wolff, says producer and Blue Note archivist Michael Cuscuna in the Earworm video, shot almost every Blue Note session from ‘the minute he arrived.’ ‘One of the most impressive, and shocking things’ about Wolff’s photo shoots, ‘was that the average success rate of those photos was really extraordinary. He was like the jazz artist of photography in that he could nail it immediately.’ Once Wolff filled a contact sheet with great shots, it next came to Miles to select the perfect one—and the perfect crop—for the album cover. These saturated portraits turned Blue Note artists into immortal heroes of hip. …”
Open Culture (Video) 6:50

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