The Factory

Andy Warhol and assistant Gérard Malanga blocking a silk screen with glue, 1960.

The Factory was Andy Warhol‘s New York City studio, which had three different locations between 1962 and 1984. The original Factory was on the fifth floor at 231 East 47th Street, in Midtown Manhattan. The rent was one hundred dollars per year. Warhol left in 1967 when the building was scheduled to be torn down to make way for an apartment building. He then relocated his studio to the sixth floor of the Decker Building at 33 Union Square West near the corner of East 16th Street, where he was shot in 1968 by Valerie Solanas. The Factory was revamped and remained there until 1973. It moved to 860 Broadway at the north end of Union Square. Although this space was much larger, not much filmmaking took place there. … Many Warhol films, including those made at the Factory, were first (or later) shown at the New Andy Warhol Garrick Theatre or 55th Street Playhouse. The original Factory was often referred to as the Silver Factory. In 1963, artist Ray Johnson took Warhol to a ‘haircutting party’ at Billy Name‘s apartment, decorated with tin foil and silver paint, and Warhol asked him to do the same scheme for his recently leased loft. Silver, fractured mirrors, and tin foil were the basic decorating materials loved by early amphetamine users of the sixties. Name covered the whole factory in silver, even the elevator. Warhol’s years at the Factory were known as the Silver Era. Aside from the prints and paintings, Warhol produced shoes, films, sculptures and commissioned work in various genres to brand and sell items with his name. … The Factory was the hip hangout for artistic types, amphetamine (speed) users, and the Warhol superstars. It was famed for its groundbreaking parties. In the studio, Warhol’s workers would make silkscreens and lithographs under his direction. In 1968, Warhol moved the Factory to the sixth floor of the Decker Building, 33 Union Square West, near Max’s Kansas City, a club which Warhol and his entourage frequently visited. … To increase production, he attracted a ménage of adult film performers, drag queens, socialites, drug addicts, musicians, and free-thinkers who became known as the Warhol Superstars, to help him. These ‘art-workers’ helped him create his paintings, starred in his films, and created the atmosphere for which the Factory became legendary. …”
Wikipedia, W – Warhol superstars, W – 15 minutes of fame, Edie Sedgwick, Etc.
Guggenheim – Andy Warhol: A Factory
The Photographers Who Captured the Misfits, Drag Queens, and Starlets of Warhol’s Factory
NY Times – Tales From the Warhol Factory
amazon – Factory Made: Warhol and the Sixties
YouTube:Welcome to Andy Warhol’s Silver Factory, andy warhol’s silver factory

Andy Warhol, Edie Sedgwick and Entourage, New York, 1965

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