The Situationist Times, 1962–67


“Jacqueline de Jong was born in 1939, in the Dutch town of Hengelo, to liberal, contemporary art-collecting Jewish industrialists. In 1942, she and her mother fled to her mother’s native Switzerland, where they stayed out the war in Zurich; one of the artist’s earliest memories is being given chocolate by Salvation Army volunteers. When they returned to Amsterdam in 1946, De Jong had to learn to speak Dutch again. De Jong’s career has been characterized by border crossings – physically, ideologically and aesthetically. At the age of 19, while working part-time at the Stedelijk Museum, she became involved in the radical, anti-authoritarian, leftist movement, the situationist international. Although not trained as an artist, De Jong had always painted; she moved to Paris and, throughout the 1960s, made art brut- and CoBrA-inflected contortions of colour and animalistic form. Expelled from the situationist international by its de facto leader, Guy Debord, in 1962, De Jong responded by producing The Situationist Times, an experimental journal whose visual and verbal dérive – through essays, artworks and images – hewed to situationist principals while rejecting their increasingly totalitarian application. Six issues were printed between 1962 and 1967. De Jong marched with the Parisian students in 1968, printing posters in support of the movement at her studio in the 11th arrondissement. In the early 1970s, she moved back to Amsterdam, where she has lived ever since. From the thickly impastoed abstractions of the early 1960s, De Jong’s paintings became increasingly figurative as the decade progressed, in series such as ‘Accidental Paintings’ (1964), ‘Suicide Paintings’ (1965) and the humorously kinky ‘Secret Life of the Cosmonauts’ (1966). … More recently, the agitated expressionism of her 1960s work has returned, as in the 2014 series ‘War 1914–18’, which nods to a lineage stretching from Pieter Bruegel the Elder’s The Fall of the Rebel Angels (1562) through Francisco de Goya’s The Disasters of War (1810–20) to Pablo Picasso’s Guernica (1937). From the banal to the brutal to the beautiful – and often all of these qualities simultaneously – De Jong’s work covers a lot of ground: the avant-gardist turned thoroughly postmodern. …”
frieze: The Life and Times of Jacqueline de Jong
How to Read The Situationist Times
libcom: The Situationist Times
Postwar Culture
W – The Situationist Times
YouTube: Jacqueline de Jong: The Situationist Times @ Boo-Hooray


Pinball Wizard: The Work and Life of Jacqueline de Jong, installation view at Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam

About 1960s: Days of Rage

Bill Davis - 1960s: Days of Rage
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