Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge construction 1960’s. Named for Giovanni da Verrazzano, the first documented European explorer to enter the New York Harbor and Hudson River in 1524.
“The Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge (/vərəˈzɑːnoʊ/ vər-ə-ZAH-noh), also referred to as the Verrazzano Bridge and formerly the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge and Narrows Bridge, is a suspension bridge connecting the New York City boroughs of Staten Island and Brooklyn. It spans the Narrows, a body of water linking the relatively enclosed Upper New York Bay with Lower New York Bay and the Atlantic Ocean, and is the only fixed crossing of the Narrows. The double-deck bridge carries 13 lanes of Interstate 278, with seven lanes on the upper level and six on the lower level. The span is named for Giovanni da Verrazzano, the first documented European explorer to enter New York Harbor and the Hudson River in 1524. Engineer David B. Steinman proposed a bridge across the Narrows in the late 1920s, and subsequent proposals were deferred over the next 20 years. A 1920s attempt was aborted to build a rail tunnel across the Narrows, as was another 1930s plan for vehicular tubes underneath the Narrows. Discussion of a tunnel resurfaced in the mid-1930s and early 1940s, but the plans were again denied. In the late 1940s, urban planner Robert Moses championed a bridge across the Narrows as a way to connect Staten Island with the rest of the city. Various issues delayed the start of construction until 1959. The bridge opened on November 21, 1964, and a lower deck was opened in June 1969 to alleviate high levels of traffic. The New York City government began a $1.5 billion reconstruction of the bridge’s two decks in 2014. … Its name was originally spelled ‘Verrazano-Narrows Bridge’ with only one ‘z’ when it was officially named in 1960 due to a naming error in the original construction contract, despite the explorer’s name having two ‘z’s. … The Swiss-born engineer Othmar Ammann was named as the senior partner for the project. Other notable figures involved chief engineer Milton Brumer; project engineers Herb Rothman and Frank L. Stahl; design engineer Leopold Just; Safety Engineer Alonzo Dickinson, and engineer of construction John West Kinney. Meanwhile, John ‘Hard Nose’ Murphy supervised the span’s and cables’ construction. Before starting actual work on the bridge, the TBTA destroyed the structures at the future locations of the anchorages. …”
NYC Parks and The Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge
Verrazzano Bridge turns 55: Check out these amazing photos
amazon: The Bridge: The Building of the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge by Gay Talese
YouTube: 1964 Newsreel: The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge nears completion, 50 Years of the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, Verrazano Narrows Bridge – Construction & Opening