Human Sexual Response – Dr. Virginia Johnson with Dr. William Masters (1966)


“The human sexual response cycle is a four-stage model of physiological responses to sexual stimulation, which, in order of their occurrence, are the excitement-, plateau-, orgasmic-, and resolution phases. This physiological response model was first formulated by William H. Masters and Virginia E. Johnson, in their 1966 book Human Sexual Response. Since then, other human sexual response models have been formulated. … Masters and Johnson argue that, despite some minor differences, sexual responses in both men and women are fundamentally similar. However, researchers have argued that there are many differences between men and women in terms of their response. First, Masters and Johnson put forth one model for men, but three different models for women. They stated that men’s sexual response only differs in terms of duration; showing different models would, thus, be repetitive. Women, on the other hand, they state can have responses that differ in both intensity and duration. These variations can pose problems because psychologists have argued that not everyone fits this model; for example, most women do not orgasm during penetrative sexual intercourse. Masters and Johnson also equate a man’s erection with a woman’s vaginal lubrication during the excitement phase; Roy Levin states that this observation is false. A woman’s clitoris is the anatomical parallel to a man’s penis. As a result, clitoral swelling would be the equivalent of a man’s erection. … There has been much research conducted based on Masters and Johnson’s model. However, inaccuracies have been found in the descriptions of the stages of sexual response. For example, Roy Levin identified a few areas of the model that had not been touched upon. … Shortly after Masters and Johnson published their book, several scholars criticized their model of the human sexual response cycle. For example, Helen Singer Kaplan argued that Masters and Johnson only evaluated sexual response from a physiological perspective, and that psychological, emotional, and cognitive factors need to be taken into consideration. … ”
Wikipedia
W – Masters and Johnson
NY Times: Clinical Analysis (May 29, 1966)
YouTube: The story of Dr. William Masters and Virginia Johnson


Co-authors of “Human Sexual Response” Dr. Virginia Johnson with Dr. William Masters.

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