Chicano Movement


Antiwar march October 31, 1970, Seattle, two months after the death of Reuben Salazar in the Los Angeles Chicano Moratorium protest

“The Chicano Movement of the 1960s, also called the Chicano civil rights movement or El Movimiento, was a civil rights movement extending the Mexican-American civil rights movement of the 1960s with the stated goal of achieving Mexican American empowerment. Similar to the Black Power movement, scholars have also written about the repression and police brutality experienced by members of this movement which some connect to larger government-organized activity such as COINTELPRO. The Chicano Movement encompassed a broad list of issues—from restoration of land grants, to farm workers’ rights, to enhanced education, to voting and political rights, as well as emerging awareness of collective history. Socially, the Chicano Movement addressed negative ethnic stereotypes of Mexicans in mass media and the American consciousness. In an article in The Journal of American History, Edward J. Escobar describes some of the negativity of the time. … Chicanos did this through the creation of works of literary and visual art that validated the Mexican American ethnicity and culture practices. The term Chicanos was originally used as a derogatory label for the sons and daughters of Mexican migrants. Some prefer to spell the word “Chicano” as ‘Xicano’. This new generation of Mexican Americans were singled out by people on both sides of the border in whose view these Mexican Americans were not ‘American’, yet they were not ‘Mexican’, either. In the 1960s ‘Chicano’ was accepted as a symbol of self-determination and ethnic pride. … There were several leaders throughout the Chicano Movement. In New Mexico there was Reies López Tijerina who worked on the land grant movement. He fought to regain control of what he considered ancestral lands. He became involved in civil rights causes within six years and also became a cosponsor of the Poor People’s March on Washington in 1967. In Texas, war veteran Dr. Hector P. Garcia founded the American GI Forum and was later appointed to the United States Commission on Civil Rights. In Denver, Rodolfo ‘Corky’ Gonzáles helped define the meaning of being a Chicano through his poem Yo Soy Joaquin (I am Joaquin). In California, César Chávez and the farm workers turned to the struggle of urban youth, and created political awareness and participated in La Raza Unida Party. …”
Wikipedia, W – Chicano art movement, W – Chicano literature
Chicano Movements: A Geographic History
The Chicano Movement (Video)
Lessons of the Chicano Movement Today
La Raza: The Community Newspaper That Became a Political Platform (Video)
YouTube: Chicano! PBS Documentary Fighting For Political Power

About 1960s: Days of Rage

Bill Davis - 1960s: Days of Rage
This entry was posted in Black Power, Books, Chicano, Civil Rights Mov., Mexico and tagged , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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