Albany Movement

“The Albany Movement was a desegregation and voter’s rights coalition formed in Albany, Georgia, in November 1961. Local black leaders and ministers, as well as members of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) founded the group. In December 1961, at the request of some senior leaders of The Albany Movement, Martin Luther King Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) became involved in assisting the Albany group with organizing protests and demonstrations meant to draw attention to the continued and often brutally enforced racial segregation practices in Southwest Georgia. However, many leaders in SNCC were fundamentally opposed to King and the SCLC’s involvement, as they felt a more democratic grassroots approach aimed at long-term solutions was preferable for the area than King’s tendency towards short-term, authoritatively run organizing. Although the Albany Movement is deemed by some as a failure due to its unsuccessful attempt at desegregating public spaces in Southwest Georgia, those most directly involved in the Movement tend to disagree, citing it as a beneficial lesson in strategy and tactics for the leaders of the Civil Rights Movement and a key component to the Movement’s future successes in desegregation and policy changes in other areas of the Deep South. Prior to the forming of The Albany Movement coalition, there had been neither formal organized protests against the segregated public facilities in Albany, nor challenges to the Jim Crow laws prohibiting and deterring black voter registration, although one small band of local black leaders had attempted at one point to petition the city’s commissioners for the desegregation of a few public spaces, to no avail.[1] With the arrival of three young SNCC field workers (Charles Sherrod, Cordell Reagon, and J. Charles Jones) in October 1961, came the concentrated organization of voter registration and mass meetings, culminating in the formation, alongside other civil right groups, of The Albany Movement. Initially the established African-American leadership in Albany was resistant to the activities of the incoming SNCC activists. …”
Conflicting Memories of the Albany Freedom Ride and Albany Movement
vimeo: Albany Civil Rights Movement Newsreels
YouTube: Was the Albany Movement a Successful Civil Rights Demonstration?, The Albany Movement 1961-1962

About 1960s: Days of Rage

Bill Davis - 1960s: Days of Rage
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