Nixon White House tapes

“The Nixon White House tapes are audio recordings of conversations between U.S. President Richard Nixon and Nixon administration officials, Nixon family members, and White House staff, produced between 1971 and 1973.  In February 1971, a sound-activated taping system was installed in the Oval Office, including in Nixon’s Oval Office desk, using Sony TC-800B open-reel tape recorders[2] to capture audio transmitted by telephone taps and concealed microphones. The system was expanded to include other rooms within the White House and Camp David. The system was turned off on July 18, 1973, two days after it became public knowledge as a result of the Senate Watergate Committee hearings. Nixon was not the first president to record his White House conversations; the practice was initiated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1940. The tapes’ existence came to light during the Watergate scandal of 1973 and 1974, when the system was mentioned during the televised testimony of White House aide Alexander Butterfield before the Senate Watergate Committee. … Just prior to assuming office in January 1969, President Nixon learned that his predecessor, Lyndon Johnson, had installed a system to record his meetings and telephone calls. According to his Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman, Nixon ordered the system removed, but during the first two years of his presidency he came to the conclusion (after trying other means) that audio recordings were the only way to ensure a full and faithful account of conversations and decisions. At Nixon’s request, Haldeman and his staff—including Deputy Assistant Alexander Butterfield—worked with the United States Secret Service to install a recording system. … Saturday Night Massacre. Main article: Saturday Night Massacre. President Nixon initially refused to release the tapes, for two reasons: first, that the Constitutional principle of executive privilege extends to the tapes and citing the separation of powers and checks and balances within the Constitution, and second, claiming they were vital to national security. …The ​18 12-minute gap. According to President Nixon’s secretary, Rose Mary Woods, on September 29, 1973, she was reviewing a tape of the June 20, 1972, recordings when she made ‘a terrible mistake’ during transcription. … The contents missing from the recording remain unknown, though the gap occurs during a conversation between Nixon and H. R. Haldeman, three days after the Watergate break in. …”
Vanity Fair: Nixon Unbound (Video)
7 Revealing Nixon Quotes From His Secret Tapes
The Atlantic: The Untapped Secrets of the Nixon Tapes
NY Times: In Tapes, Nixon Rails About Jews and Blacks
amazon: The Nixon Tapes: 1971-1972
YouTube: Offensive Nixon Tapes Released, “Smoking Gun”: Richard Nixon and Bob Haldeman discuss the Watergate break-in, June 23, 1972

About 1960s: Days of Rage

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