Glenville Riots

The Glenville Shootout – and the nation’s turn away from urban anti-poverty reforms: James D. Robenalt

“The Glenville shootout was a gun battle which occurred on the night of July 23–24, 1968, in the Glenville section of Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States. Gunfire was exchanged for roughly four hours between the Cleveland Police Department and the Black Nationalists of New Libya, a Black Power group. The battle led to the death of three policemen, three suspects, and a bystander. At least 15 others (police, gunmen, and bystanders) were wounded. The gun battle sparked the Glenville Riots, which began on the evening of July 23 as the gun battle was winding down, and continued through the evening of July 26–27. During the first day of the riots, the African American mayor of Cleveland, Carl Stokes, refused to allow white police officers to patrol the area. When African American leaders in the neighborhood were unable to quell the violence, Stokes sent the Ohio Army National Guard and the rest of the Cleveland Police into the area to stop the violence. The riots ended early in the morning on July 27. Losses due to the riots were about $2.6 million, and proved to be the political death knell of Mayor Stokes’ Cleveland: Now! redevelopment effort. … Racial tensions in Cleveland were exacerbated as the city began busing African American children to all-white schools in order to racially desegregate its schools and to reduce overcrowding in minority-majority elementary schools. Black parents were outraged when they discovered that their children were not eligible to participate in arts, sports, and after-hours activities at these schools. … The black civil rights groups were persuaded to cancel their protest. But the white mob still formed, and throughout the day on January 30, 1964, white citizens threw rocks and bottles and assaulted any African American person they found on the streets. The Cleveland Police made no arrests. Cleveland’s Black Power movement grew substantially in 1964 and 1965, as African American residents of the city viewed the Murray Hill riot as a symbol of their powerlessness. Despair bred extremism and violence. White and black gangs formed in the adjacent Superior-Sowinski area just east of Glenville, and physical assaults and gang wars occurred in broad daylight in the spring and summer of 1966. …”
50 years later: How race and rebellion sparked the Glenville shootout (Audio)
YouTube: Part 1 of “50 years later: How race and rebellion sparked the Glenville shootout”, Part 2, Part 3

Businesses looted (in black) and looted as well as burned (in red with slash) along Superior Avenue between E. 100th and E. 25th Streets during the first night of the Glenville riots.

About 1960s: Days of Rage

Bill Davis - 1960s: Days of Rage
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