St. Augustine movement


“A state police officer with club in hand overtakes a white segregationist, as African Americans attempted to swim and were attacked by a large group of whites at St. Augustine Beach, Florida, on June 25, 1964. The state police arrested a number of whites and African Americans.”
“The St. Augustine movement was a part of the wider Civil Rights Movement in 1963–1964. It was a major event in St. Augustine’s long history and had a role in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Despite the 1954 Supreme Court act in Brown v. Board of Education, which ruled that the ‘separate but equal’ legal status of public schools made those schools inherently unequal, St. Augustine still had only six black children admitted into white schools. The homes of two of the families of these children were burned by local segregationists, while other families were forced to move out of the county because the parents were fired from their jobs. Dr. Robert Hayling is generally considered the ‘father’ of the St. Augustine movement. A Tallahassee native originally, Hayling served as an Air Force officer, and then became the first black dentist in Florida to be elected to the American Dental Association. He set up business in St. Augustine in 1960 and joined the local National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). The organization led a high-profile protest of the segregated celebration of the city’s 400th anniversary in March 1963. While the campaign was successful at convincing Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson to speak before an interracial audience in St. Augustine, it had no effect on the overall Jim Crow laws. The NAACP campaign lacked a direct action component and Hayling believed that this was a major failing. Hayling founded an NAACP Youth Council that engaged in nonviolent direct action, including wade-ins at the local segregated swimming pools. …”
Wikipedia
African Americans march for civil rights in St. Augustine, Florida, 1963-64
St. Augustine Movement 1963-1964
YouTube: Dare Not Walk Alone, Purcell Conway Vividly Recalls Experience Integrating St. Augustine Beach

About 1960s: Days of Rage

Bill Davis - 1960s: Days of Rage
This entry was posted in Civil Rights Mov., CORE, Lyn. Johnson, MLKJr., Race Riots, SCLC, SNCC and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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